The Revolt Of 1857
OutBreak :.On March 29,1857, a solider named Mangal Pandey attacked and fired at his senior at Barrackpur in Bengal (in 19th and 34th Native infantry).
. On May 10,ther was a munity of sepoys at Merrut (3rd native cavalry).
.Mutiny spread throughout UP along with some other parts of the country.
.march to Delhi' became the battle cry of the rebels.At Delhi, the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II was proclaimed the Emperor of India.
Important Persons :.Bakht Khan(captured Delhi,was from the Barreily unit of the army).
.Nana Shib alias Dhodhu Pant (from Kanpur,along with Tantia Tope and Azimulla).
.Begum Hazrat Mahal of Awadh (declared her son as the Nawad of Awadh).
.Rani Lakshmibai,the windowed wueen of Raja Gangadhar Rao of Jhansi(Tantia Tope joined her,and they defeated the Scindia of Gwalior,butboth are defeated by Sir Hugh Rose.She died on June 17,1858,while Tantia was later capured and excuted).
.Kunwar Singh and Amar Singh (Bihar).
.Maulavi Ahmedullah(First Awad and then Rohilkhand).
.Devi Singh of Mathrua.
.Kadam Singh of Meerut.
Causes Of Failure:.Scindia of Gwailor,the Holkar of Indor,the Nizam of Hyderabad,the raja of Jodhpur,the nawad of Bhopal,the Patiala,Singh and Kashmir and the rana of Nepal provided active support to the British..
Imapct of the Revolt: .The revolt was mainly feudal in character carrying with it some nationalist elements.
.The control of India administration was passed on the British crown by the Govt. of India Act,1858.
.The army was carefully reorganized to prevent the recurrence of such an event.