Arts & Culture
A majority of the people in this state of Aryan origin.A large part of the population follows Sikhism,which is a rather unique blend of Hindism and sufi traditon of Islam.Punjab is the state language,quite similar to Hindi.Another important craft of punjab is the art of doll making especially the Punjabi bride and the bhangra dolls.Colorfull and beautifully crafted and dressed,doll are made all over Punjab,though the most important center is Chandigarh.
Dance & Music
The folk songs of Punjab are the songs of the body and sopul.The joyous flight of birds,starry night,sunny days and thundering clouds,signifying happiness and joy,are all reflected in folk songs.So ageless are these songs that no one can claim their creation.Punjab is the only place where the dances for men and women are not the smae and are of varying forms.While the dances for men are the bhangra,jhoomer,luddi,julli and dankara,the ones for women are the giddha and kikli.
The festival in Punjab have always been celebrated with much exuberance and fanfare.For the masses these festivals are popular occasions for social interaction and enjoyment.Baisakhi has a special significance because on this day in 1699,their tenth guru ,Guru Govind Singh orgainzed the Order of the Khalsa.The Gurpurab festival is celebrated by the Sikhs to express their reverence for their gurus.A day after Holi,the Sikh community in Punjab observes Holla Mohalla with thousand of devot Sikhs gathering at Anandpur Sahib.
Languages and Literature<
A successor of Sauraseni Prakrit the chief lanuage of medieval norhtern India,Punjabi emerged as an independent lanuage in the 11th century from the Sauranseni Apabhramsa.Punjabi literary tradtiton is generally conceived to commence with Fariduddin Ganjshakar(1173-1266) famous as Sheikh Farid.Farid's mostly spiritual and devotional verses were added after his death in the Adi Granth.The janmaskhis,storries on the life and legend of Guru nanak(1469-1539)are early example of Punjab prose literature.Punjabi Sufi poetry also influnced other Punjabi literary tradition particularly the Punjabi Qissa a genre of romantic traged which also derived inspiration from Indic Persian and Quranin sources.