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Fundamental Rights

Originally seven Fundamental Rights were listed in the Constitution. However, after the 44th Amendment 1978 there are now only six Fundamental Rights.:
1. Rights of Equality
2. Rights of Freedom. It guarantees
(i) Freedom of speech and expression
(ii) Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms
(iii) Freedom to form associations and unions
(iv) Freedom of movement throughout India
(v)  Freedom to reside and settle in any part of India
(vi) Freedom to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
3. Right to Freedom of Religion
4. Cultural and Educational Rights
5. Right against Exploitation
6. Right to Constitutional Remedies
Right to Property used to be Fundamental Right but has now become only a legal right. The Janata Government on June 20, 1978 omitted  the Right to Property by Constitution (44th )Amendment Act, 1978.

 

Directive Principles

Directive Principles

Constitution deals with the Directive Principles of istate policy. The main Directive Principles are:
1. Provision of adequate means of livelihood to all
2. Equitable distribution of wealth among all
3. Protection of children and youth
4. Equal pay for equal work to both men and women
5. Free and compulsory education for children  up to the age of 14 years
6. Prevention of cow slaughter
7. The right to work, to education , to public assistance in case of unemployment and old age, sickness and disability
8. Prohibition of liquor
9. Establishment of village panchayats
10.Protection of historical and national monuments
11. Separation of thejudiciary from the Executive to secure for all citizens, a uniform civil code
12. Promotion of international cooperation and world security
13. Free legal aid from the state to the weaker sections of society
 14. State to protect natural environment, forests and wildlife.

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